The image is a portrait of British Art Critic Lawrence Alloway
The word ‘POP’ was first coined in 1954, by the British art critic Lawrence Alloway, to describe a new type of art that was inspired by the imagery of popular culture. Alloway, alongside the artists Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, was among the founding members of the Independent Group, a collective of artists, architects, and writers who explored radical approaches to contemporary visual culture during their meetings at ICA in London between 1952 and 1955. They became the forerunners to British Pop art. At their first meeting Paolozzi gave a visual lecture entitled ‘Bunk’ (short for ‘bunkum’ meaning nonsense) which took an ironic look at the all-American lifestyle. This was illustrated by a series collages created from American magazines that he received from GI’s still resident in Paris in the late 1940s. ‘I was a Rich Man’s Plaything’, one of the ‘Bunk’ series, was the first visual artwork to include the word ‘POP’.
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